Category: Soft Wood

November 5, 2020 by CruzImagem 0 Comments

White Pine

White Pine, also called Eastern White Pine (scientific name: Pinusstrobus), has a light brown heartwood, sometimes with a red hue. Sapwood is pale yellow to almost white, darkening with age. Its texture is medium, and grain is straight.

White Pine is commonly found in eastern North America. It is not durable for heartwood decay.

Janka Hardness :

1,690 N(380 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

400 kg/m3(25 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

It is easy to work with hand tools and machine tools. It is good with glues and finishes well.

November 5, 2020 by CruzImagem 0 Comments

Western Red Cedar (Flat Cut & Vertical Grain)

Western Red Cedar (scientific name: Thujaplicata), has a heartwood red-pink brown color. Sapwood is narrow and pale yellow white, not always clearly distinguishable from heartwood. Its texture is medium to coarse, and grain is straight.

Western Red Cedar is commonly found in Pacific northwest United States and Canada. It is rated durable to very durable, is resistant to decay and is moderately resistant to insect attack.

Janka Hardness :

1,560 N(350 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

370 kg/m3(23 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

It is easy to work with hand tools and machine tools. Softness means it dents and scratches very easily. Sanding can be uneven due to different densities of earlywood and latewood. It is good with glues and finishes well. Direct contact with iron can cause staining and discoloration, especially when moisture is present.

November 5, 2020 by CruzImagem 0 Comments

Douglas Fir (Flat Cut & Vertical Grain)

Douglas Fir (scientific name: Pseudotsugamenziesii) has a heartwood of light brown color with a hint or yellow or red (color varies with age and location of tree). Its texture is medium to coarse, luster is moderate and grain is usually straight, sometimes slightly wavy.

When quarter cut/sawn the grain is straight and plain. Flat cut/sawn wild grain patterns are seen.

Douglas Firis commonly found in western North America. It is moderately durable but prone to insect attack.

Janka Hardness :

2,760 N(620 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

510 kg/m3(32 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

Good with machining operations but has blunting effect on cutting tools. Is good with glues and stains, and finishes well.

November 5, 2020 by CruzImagem 0 Comments

Aromatic Cedar

Aromatic Cedar, also called Aromatic Red Cedar and Eastern Red Cedar (scientific name: Juniperusvirginiana), has a heartwood of violet-brown or reddish color. Sapwood is pale yellow in color and may appear in heartwood as streaks/stripes. Its texture is very fine, has straight grain with knots.

Aromatic Red Cedar is found in eastern North America. It has excellent resistance to insect attack and decay.

Janka Hardness :

4,000 N(900 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

530 kg/m3(33 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

Easy to work with, unless there is a presence of knots and irregularities. Lumber has high silica content which dulls cutting tools. It is good with glues and finishes well.