Category: Exotic Wood

November 5, 2020 by CruzImagem 0 Comments

Zebra Wood

Zebra Wood, also called Zebrano(scientific name: Microberliniabrazzavillensis), has a heartwood of light brown to cream color with dark black-brown streaks, which resemble a zebra’s stripes. Its texture is coarse and open pores,and grain is generally wavy or interlocked.

Quarter cut/sawnlumber has mostly uniform stripes. Flat cut/sawnlumber has wavy stripes.

Zebra Wood is commonly found in west Africa. It is rated durable and resistant to insect attack.

Janka Hardness :

8,160 N(1,830 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

805 kg/m3(50 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

It is good for sawing but very difficult to plane or surface because of an interlocking grain. Tear-out is also common. It is good with glues and finishes well. Pore filter may be required to resolve large open pores on light and dark surfaces.

November 5, 2020 by CruzImagem 0 Comments

Yellow Heart

Yellow Heart, also called Pau Amarello(scientific name: Euxylophoraparaensis), has a heartwood of pale to golden yellow color, which darkens with age. Sapwood is white or pale yellow. Its texture is fine, luster is high and grain is generally straight though with some waviness or interlocking.

Yellow Heart is commonly found in Brazil. It is moderately durable for resisting decay and insect attack.

Janka Hardness :

7,950 N(1,790 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

825 kg/m3(52 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

Easy to work with hand tools and machine tools, but can be difficult if grain is interlocked or figured. It is good with glues and finishes well. It has a moderate blunting effect on cutting tools.

November 5, 2020 by CruzImagem 0 Comments

Wenge

Wenge(scientific name: Millettialaurentii), has a heartwood of medium brown color, occasionally with a red or yellow hue, and almost black streaks. Its texture is very coarse, and grain is straight.

Wengeis commonly found in central Africa. It is very durable and resistant to termite attack.

Janka Hardness :

8,600 N(1,930 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

870 kg/m3(54 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

Difficult to work with hand tools and machine tools, with a significant blunting effect on cutting tools. Difference in density between light and dark areas makes sanding uneven. Propensity to splinter makes it hazardous to work with bare hands. For a smooth or level finish, large pores must be filled.

November 5, 2020 by CruzImagem 0 Comments

Tiger Wood

Tiger Wood, also called Tigerwood, Goncalo Alves, and Jobillo(scientific name: Astroniumgraveolens and A. fraxinifolium), has a heartwood of reddish brown color, with irregular streaks of black/dark brown. Its texture is fine and uniform, luster is good and grain is usually interlocked or wavy (sometimes straight).

Tiger Wood is commonly found in Mexico and southwards to Brazil. It is very durable, resists decay and has excellent weathering.

Janka Hardness :

9,640 N(2,170 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

905 kg/m3(57 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

Not particularly difficult to work with despite high density. Lumber with irregular and figured grain can make machining and planing difficult. It has a moderate blunting effect on cutting tools. It is difficult to glue because of resistance to moisture absorption. It turns and finishes well.

November 5, 2020 by CruzImagem 0 Comments

Teak

Teak, also called Burmese Teak (scientific name: Tectonagrandis), has a heartwood of golden or medium brown color. Its texture is coarse and uneven, luster is moderate to low and grain is straight but can be interlocked or wavy.

Teak is commonly found in south Asia. It is exceptionally resistant to decay and heartwood is rated very durable.Teak is resistant to termites and moderately resistant to insect attack.

Janka Hardness :

4,740 N(1,070 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

655 kg/m3(41 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

Easy to work with in almost all regards, but high level of silica (up to 1.4%) has a significant blunting effect on cutting tools.It is good with glues and finishes well, though may require wiping the surface with a solvent to reduce the natural oils on the surface.

November 5, 2020 by CruzImagem 0 Comments

Spanish Cedar

Spanish Cedar, also called Cedro(scientific name: Cedrelaodorata), has a heartwood of light pink to red-brown color. Pockets of natural oils and gum are to be expected. Its texture is medium, luster is moderate and grain is straight or slightly interlocked.

Spanish Cedaris commonly found in the Central and South America and the Caribbean. It is rated durable to moderately durable for decay, and is resistant to termite attack.

Janka Hardness :

2,670 N(600 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

470 kg/m3(29 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

Easy to work with hand tools and machine tools. Softness and low density can cause fuzzy surface during machining. For a smooth surface use sharp cutters and additional fine grit sanding.Finishing is difficult as natural pockets of gum remain wet or ooze, causing cutting blades to gum up and clog.

November 5, 2020 by CruzImagem 0 Comments

Sipo

Sipo, also called Sipo Mahogany (scientific name: Entandrophragmautile), has a heartwood of moderate red-brown color. Sapwood is pale yellow and well defined. Its texture is medium, luster is moderate and grain is interlocked.

Sipois commonly found in west and central Africa. It is moderately durable to durable and said to possess some insect resistance.

Janka Hardness :

5,260 N(1,180 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

635 kg/m3(40 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

It is good with glues, and turns and finishes well. Tear-out due to interlocked grain can make some machining operations such as planing and routing difficult. Direct contact with iron can cause discoloration and staining.

November 5, 2020 by CruzImagem 0 Comments

Sapele

Sapele, also called Sapelli and Sapeli(scientific name: Entandrophragmacylindricum), has a heartwood of golden to dark red-brown in color. Its texture is fine and uniform, luster is good and grain is interlocked, occasionally wavy.

Quarter cut/sawn wood shows a common ribbon pattern. Other grain patterns that can be seen are pommele, quilted, mottled, wavy, beeswing and fiddleback.

Sapele is commonly found in tropical Africa. It ranges from moderate to very durable for decay resistance, and is moderately resistant to insect attack.

Janka Hardness :

6,280 N(1,410 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

670 kg/m3(42 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

Interlocked grain makes it difficult to work with in machining operations such as planing and routing, and makes it prone to tear-out. It has a slight blunting effect on cutting tools. Direct contact with iron causes discoloration and staining. It is good with glues and finishes well.

November 5, 2020 by CruzImagem 0 Comments

Santos Mahogany

Santos Mahogany, also called Cabreuva(scientific name: Myroxylonbalsamum), has a heartwood that can be light golden-brown, burgundy or dark purple-red in color. Quarter cut/sawn sections may have a ribbon/striped pattern. Its texture is moderate to fine, luster is good and grain is generally interlocked.

Santos Mahogany is commonly found in Central and South America and southern Mexico. It is said to be very resistant to decay and moderately resistant to insect attack.

Janka Hardness :

10,680 N(2,400 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

915 kg/m3(57 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

High density and interlocked grain make it fair-to-poor to work on. It finishes well but gluing and staining can be difficult. It has a significant blunting effect on cutting tools.

November 5, 2020 by CruzImagem 0 Comments

Red Grandis

Red Grandis, also called Flooded Gum and Rose Gum(scientific name: Eucalyptus grandis), has a heartwood of pink to red-brown color. Sapwood is paler in color and not always clearly distinguishable from the heartwood. Its texture is medium to coarse, and grain is straight to shallow interlocked.

Red Grandis is commonly found in eastern Australia. It is rated durable to very durable, with poor resistance to insect attack.

Janka Hardness :

5,600 N(1,260 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :

640 kg/m3(40 lbs/ft3)

Workability :

Reasonably easy to work with hand tools and machine tools. It is good with glue and stains, and finishes well. It experiences large shrinkage during drying and large movement in service.